Blood Preprocessing

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Blood Preprocessing

In the case of a model with blood data the Modeling page starts with the Blood Preprocessing pane open. The window contents depends on the selected model and is documented for every model. A typical example is shown below.

PXMOD Blood Preprocessing Logan

The Input curve must always be specified. There are four blood definition methods which can be selected from the list: FILE, THRESHOLD, VOI, or TAC(DB).

External Files

Initially, FILE will be selected to load the blood data from an externally prepared text file. In this case, a file must be specified which contains the blood data (usually the activity concentration of the unchanged tracer in arterial plasma) as well as a descriptive header line as follows:











Valid time units are seconds, minutes and hours, and value activity units are kBq/cc, MBq/cc, and uCi/cc. For FILE type data there appear also selections for specifying the units which are applied if no unit information is found in the file.


Adequate blood files can easily be prepared in text editors, or with MS Excel and saving as a tab delimited text file, such as

PXMOD blood file example

Note: The header line is required - otherwise the values in the first line will be skipped. If valid units are found in the file header they are used to convert the data into the internal representation [sec] and [kBq/cc]. If there are no valid units in the header line the import procedure uses the units configured in the user interface.

Blood Files in the Database

If the blood data is contained in a database, TAC(DB) is used to select the data. The organization of the data in the file is identical to that used for FILE. In the case of TAC(DB) it is assumed that the correct data units are contained in the file header.

Note that it is easy to store curve data appearing anywhere in PMOD to the database by using the Button Save button in the curve control area:

PXMOD Save blood in DB

A database save dialog will open. It is recommended to attach the blood data to the PET studies. To this end select the Attach to Patient (Serie) button, and select the PET image series. Then define a name for the blood data in the Enter name field, and complete with Save.  

PXMOD Blood save dialog

Blood Activity from a VOI

The VOI blood type is intended for image-derived input curves. If it is selected, a VOI must be defined. This VOI is applied to the dynamic study during loading and the calculated TAC is used as the blood time-activity curve. This option is probably most useful for cardiac studies where metabolite correction is incorporated in the tissue model.

Blood from a Threshold

If THRESHOLD is selected, a % threshold can be entered. All pixels above the threshold relative to the maximal value in the file will be considered as blood signal.

Decay Correction

If the Correct radioactive decay of blood data box is checked, the appropriate isotope should be selected from the isotopes list.

PXMOD Blood Decay Correction

Important Note: For the decay correction it is assumed that the timing of the blood and image data have been synchronized. Because the image data are usually decay corrected to the start of the first acquisition, blood time zero must correspond to the scan start time, and decay correction is performed relative to time zero.

How To Continue

Once the configurations are completed the blood data can be loaded and preprocessed with the Preprocess Blood button.